Sunday, September 21, 2014

Fall Freebies

I can't believe that Fall will be arriving this week.  This year has FLOWN by.  It blows my mind that we are almost three months into the school year.  Wow.   Anyhow, here is a FREE packet containing resources for any Fall/Autumn Unit.  I hope some of you might be able to use these ideas with your kiddos this week!

Challenging Addition/Subtraction Worksheet

Autumn Acrostic Poem

Fall Fluency Sheet

Fall Book Writing Activity
-Fall Book Writing Activity
-Fall Bubble Map
-Fall Book Writing Activity Bubble Map
-Fall Fluency Sheet
-Fall ABC Order Sheet
-Fall Fill-in-the-Blank Sheet
-Autumn Acrostic Poem Sheet
-Fall Math/Addition and Subtraction Challenge Sheet
-Fall Technology Links and Book Suggestions
If you're in need of any Johnny Appleseed ideas, check out my Johnny Appleseed Unit here!

Thursday, September 11, 2014

Greater Than, Less Than, Equal To Lesson

I want to share a simple lesson with you on Comparing Numbers.  There are several different ways to teach this skill.  One of the most popular ways is to use the "Alligator eats the bigger number" method.  With any lesson though, there will be some students who need to learn a skill a different way.  This particular method would be great for students who need a more hands-on approach to learning.

1.Display two, 2-digit numbers on a board.

2. Begin by having students look at the tens and ones place in the two numbers. 

3. If the tens place is different, have them underline the tens place.  If it is the same, have them underline the ones place.

4. Depending on which is underlined, have students compare the numbers in either the tens or ones place.

5. Tell students that each number will receive some dots.

6. The greater number will receive two dots because it is the greater number.  The lesser number will only receive one dot because it is the smaller number.

7. Students should draw the dots beside each number.

8. Then, have students connect the dots.  If students follow the rules, it should be a error-proof way to make sure they draw the symbols in the correct direction.

9. Have students practice this several times but present the problem in different ways such as drawing symbols, comparing numbers without symbols, and using base ten blocks.

A fun follow-up activity is to have students practice this in a center.

Center Materials Needed Per Student:
  • Number Cards (available below)
  • Recording Sheet (available below)
  • 3 Chips (You can get the ones I used here, but any chip/circle counter will work.)
  • 2 Pieces of Yarn
1. Place several number cards in a center.

2. Students will draw two cards and write the numbers on the lines on the recording sheet.

3. Then, students will use chips and yarn to create and connect the dots.  The greater number will receive two dots/chips, while the smaller number will only receive one dot/chip.  Once the dots/chips are placed, students will connect them with the pieces of yarn. 

4. Once students have physically made the symbol, they will draw it on their recording sheet using the connecting the dots system.

I've put together a *FREE* packet you can use to create the center.  It includes 2 & 3-digit number cards and a recording sheet.

Thursday, September 4, 2014

Odd and Even Numbers Lesson

With this lesson, children will be able to determine the difference between even and odd numbers and tell whether a number is even or odd and explain why.

  • 15 Skittles per child (If you can't/don't want to use food as a manipulative, any plastic manipulative will work just fine!)
1. Put 15 Skittles (or any plastic manipulative) in a cup for each child. They will be using these for manipulatives.
2. Explain to your child they will be learning about even and odd numbers today. Write the terms on a board or sheet of paper and ask if they can tell you what an even number is. Depending on the answers you get, you may have to expand on what your child says. Plan to explain even numbers have a partner and can be split into equal groups, while odd numbers cannot be split into equal groups, so someone is always the odd man out.
3. Now, we will practice some! If you have a group of students, this will work perfectly, if not you can skip this step and go to the next one. Call on a student to stand on one side of the classroom. Ask the class to tell you how many people are standing, which is 1. Then, ask if 1 is even or odd and have them explain why. Show that the person can't have a partner because no one is there, so they are an odd number. Keep adding a student one at a time and split into two groups. This allows students to easily see the split groups and partners. Each time a new person is added, ask if the number of students standing up is even or odd and why. Also, before a student gets to join a group, have them tell you what number they will be, if it is even or odd, and why.
4. Once everyone has joined a group, have students return to their desks for some practice with their Skittles! Have students count out one Skittle and tell you if it is even or odd; they will keep adding Skittles. Have students make two rows of Skittles as you see below to help them easily see which numbers have a partner and which do not.

5. When students get to 10 Skittles, make a big deal by asking if it is even or odd. Expect some confusion! Explain that if a number has more than one digit, always look to the ones place and ignore the other numbers. Whatever is in the ones place determines whether or not a number is even or odd. This is a very important step because a child can not use counters for large numbers. Continue with the question of is 10 even or odd. Ask if 0 is even or odd and explain that it is neither, but if a number ends in 0, it is always even. Show that 10 Skittles can be split into 5 equal groups. Practice a few more times with the Skittles.

6. Now, call out a few two and three digit numbers such as 78 and 129 just to reinforce the concept of looking in the ones place to determine if a number is even or odd. Have students tell you if the number is even or odd and why.

7. Before students practice some numbers on their own, have them get out two crayons (in a class, always have students get out the same two colors). Each child should have a hundred board (you can download one here.) Ask them to color all the even numbers one color, let's say purple and all the odd numbers another color, let's say green. Write this on the board to they will be able to look back at it. As they are coloring, pay close attention to make sure they are coloring as was asked. As students are finishing, ask them if the notice anything about the hundred board. They should notice a pattern!

8. Now, it is time for students to practice on their own! Give students several numbers to determine if they are even or odd. Students can use their Skittles to help them if needed. It would also be great to throw in some even and odd word problems such as: Jack filled 3 baskets with 4 berries. He gave the berries to Jill. Does Jill have an odd or even number of berries? Also, Look at the addition sentences. I'm looking for the addition sentence whose answer is an odd number. Which addition sentence is it? 5+5= ? 1+7=? 8+8=? 9+2=? Also, for a challenge question...If you add two odd numbers, will the sum be even or odd? Explain.
9. When finished, students may eat their Skittles!

Remediation/Next Steps: There is a book called Even Stevens and Odd Todd, which would make a great introduction and literature link to this lesson. There are also some other odd and even books on Amazon. For students who struggle, re-teach the concept of having a group and splitting it into equal parts. If everyone is able to pair up, the number is even. If they are not able to, the number is odd.